Divorce and marriage data. A growth in births outside wedding

Information extracted in might 2021.

Prepared article up-date: May 2022.

In 2019, the cheapest crude wedding prices in the EU were reported in Italy (3.1 marriages per 1 000 people), Slovenia and Portugal (3.2).

In 2019, the best crude marriage prices in the EU were reported in Cyprus (8.9 marriages per 1 000 people), Lithuania (7.0), Latvia and Hungary (6.7).

In 2019, the greatest crude breakup prices inside the EU were reported in Latvia, Lithuania and Luxembourg (all 3.1 divorces per 1 000 people).

In 2019, births outside wedding outnumbered births inside wedding in 9 EU Member States: France, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Portugal, Sweden, Denmark, Estonia, Belgium therefore the Netherlands.

This informative article presents developments which have occurred in terms of family members development and dissolution with an analysis of wedding and divorce or separation indicators. Wedding, as identified by the legislation of each and every nation, is certainly thought to mark the synthesis of a household product. Nonetheless, the analysis of styles in family members formation and dissolution predicated on simply wedding and divorce or separation information may not provide a complete photo. Appropriate alternatives to wedding, like registered partnership, are becoming more extensive and nationwide legislations have actually changed to confer more liberties on unmarried partners. Likewise, with divorce or separation being made procedurally easier, it’s harder to offer data that are reliable.

How many marriages per 1 000 persons reduced in the EU-27 in present years, even though the wide range of divorces increased. Nevertheless, both of these styles appear to have slowed up in modern times. A rise in the percentage of young ones who will be created to couples that are unmarried additionally seen, as well as a loss of young ones created inside wedding.

Less marriages, more divorces

Some 1.9 million marriages plus a calculated 0.8 million divorces happened into the EU in 2019, in line with the many data that are recent for several EU Member States. These numbers might be expressed as 4.3 marriages for each and every 1 000 individuals (to put it differently the crude marriage rate) and 1.8 divorces for each and every 1 000 people (put differently the crude breakup rate). The essential data that are recent for marriages is from 2018 for France; as well as divorces it really is 2017 for Ireland and Greece, and 2016 for France.

Since 1964 (the very first year from whenever we supply information), the crude wedding price into the EU has declined by near to 50 per cent in general terms (from 8.0 per 1 000 people in 1964 to 4.3 in 2019). The crude divorce rate has more than doubled, increasing from 0.8 per 1 000 persons in 1964 to 1.8 in 2019 at the same time. Section of this enhance might be because of the known proven fact that in many EU Member States divorce proceedings had been legalised in those times (for instance, in Italy, Spain, Ireland and Malta).

Dining dining Table 1 demonstrates that in 2019, the best crude marriage rates had been in Cyprus (8.9 marriages per 1 000 individuals) and Lithuania (7.0). The cheapest crude marriage prices had been reported in Italy (3.1 marriages per 1 000 individuals), Slovenia and Portugal (both 3.2). When you look at the prospect countries, the crude geek2geek hookup wedding price ended up being generally speaking greater than the EU average. It ranged between 5.1 marriages per 1 000 individuals in Serbia and 7.9 in Albania. The crude marriage rate was available for Norway (4.0 marriages per 1 000 persons) and Switzerland (4.5) among the EFTA countries.

outside wedding

The proportion of real time births outside marriage indicates an increasing trend in days gone by years, very nearly doubling since 1993 if this information was initially for sale in the EU at 17.7 percent. In 2019 this percentage had been calculated at 42.7 per cent (see dining Table 3) meaning 57.3 % of kiddies had been created in wedding. Probably the most current information available for Belgium is 2018 as well as Malta 2013. This share is signaling new habits of household development alongside the greater amount of pattern that is traditional young ones were created within marriage. Extramarital births take place in non-marital relationships, among cohabiting couples and also to lone moms and dads.

Extramarital births outnumbered births inside wedding in many EU Member States, particularly France (where 61 per cent of births took place outside wedding), Bulgaria (58.4 per cent), Slovenia (57.7 percent), Portugal (56.8 percent), Sweden (54.5 percent), Denmark (54.1 per cent), Estonia (53.7 per cent), Belgium (52.6 per cent, 2018 information) plus the Netherlands (52.4 percent), along with Iceland (69.4 per cent) and Norway (57.6 percent) on the list of EFTA nations. Greece is at one other end associated with range where a lot more than 87 per cent of births took place within wedding. In Turkey this share ended up being since high as 97.2 percent.

Taking a look at the latest available information, extramarital births increased in 14 EU Member States in 2019 in contrast to 2018. Nonetheless, in a few nations we spot the reverse trend: for instance Hungary, Latvia and Poland reveal a decrease within the proportion of extramarital births within the latest years. The exact same does work for Iceland, Turkey and Kosovo, as the percentage of extramarital births increased in 2019 compared to 2018 in Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, North Macedonia and Serbia.

Supply information for tables and graphs

Information sources

Eurostat compiles info on an array of demographic data, including data regarding the wide range of marriages by intercourse and previous marital status and data concerning the wide range of divorces. Information regarding the wide range of real time births in line with the mother’s status that is marital be employed to create an indicator that displays the proportion of births outside wedding.


The household product is a changing concept: exactly exactly what this means become an associate of a household together with objectives men and women have of household relationships differ as time passes and room, which makes it difficult to get a universally agreed and used definition. Legal alternatives to wedding, like authorized partnerships, have grown to be more extensive and legislation that is national changed to confer more liberties on unmarried and exact exact exact same intercourse partners. Alongside these brand brand new appropriate kinds, other styles of non-marital relationships have showed up, which makes it more challenging for statisticians to gather information in this domain that may be compared across nations.

As a result of variations in the timing and formal recognition of changing habits of family members development and dissolution, these principles have grown to be more challenging to determine in training. Analysts of demographic data consequently get access to fairly couple of complete and data that are reliable with which to produce evaluations in the long run and between or within nations.

The EU happens to be going right through a amount of demographic and change that is societal. The outbreak of this pandemic that is COVID-19 keep a long-lasting effect on just how we reside and come together. The outbreak arrived at the same time whenever European countries had recently been going right on through a time period of profound demographic and societal modification. More info associated with work associated with European Commission 2019-2024 to tackle the effect of demographic improvement in European countries are available in the European Commission devoted pages.

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